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It seems like every time you turn on the TV, there’s commercials, movies, and shows that highlight the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and/or machine learning (ML). The current trend of using AI and ML is even finding its way into medical devices. Recently, the FDA issued a press release about the potential of AI and ML to fundamentally transform the delivery of health care.

This episode’s guest is Mike Drues of Vascular Sciences, who joins Jon Speer to discuss nuances, regulations, and implications to know when incorporating AI and/or ML into medical devices and software.

 

 

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Some of the highlights of the show include:

  • Is FDA’s statement about AI and ML simply marketing hype? Other medical devices have the same opportunity, even if AI and ML are not used.
  • Most medical devices are 510(k)s and may already have such potential, if substantially equivalent to a device that currently exists.
  • The FDA is basically proposing the use of AI and ML to make companies be more proactive with product improvements that help patients.
  • The difference between AI, ML, and other technologies is that AI and ML have ability to learn, adapt, and evolve; but may create quality and regulatory issues.
  • The regulatory logic of AI is nothing new or different, but it hasn’t caught up. How to do change management to learn and adapt needs to be offered
  • AI software should give manufacturers recommended changes, how they should be handled, and when to identify change creep.
  • Digital Health Software Pre-cert Program: Focuses on team, not device. Does this mean the FDA is moving away from 21 CFR Part 820 in favor of ISO 13485?
  • Software as a medical device (SaMD) companies considering AI and ML should follow FDA’s proposed regulatory framework for AI- and ML-driven software.

 

Links:

 

Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. on steps toward a new, tailored review framework for artificial intelligence-based medical devices

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Software as a Medical Device

FDA Proposes Regulatory Framework for AI- and Machine Learning-Driven SaMD

FDA Eyes Tailored Approach to Regulating AI-Based Medical Devices

FDA wants public input on AI-enabled device regulation

FDA Premarket Notification 510(k)

Digital Health Software Precertification (Pre-Cert) Program

ISO 13485:2016

Yes it’s true – the US FDA is shifting toward ISO 13485. But how much and how soon?

21 CFR Part 820 - Quality System Regulation (QSR)

Mike Drues

Greenlight Guru

 

Quotes:

“I’d like to believe a lot of medical devices have the opportunity to fundamentally transform the delivery of health care. Maybe AI products will, too.” Jon Speer

“This is almost being touted or proposed that AI and ML has an opportunity to help companies be more proactive with product improvements and, ultimately, helping patients.” Jon Speer

“The thing that distinguishes these kinds of technologies from everything else is the ability to learn and adapt and evolve.” Mike Drues

“From a quality perspective, what does consistency mean? Consistency is sort of the antithesis of learning. Consistency means that we keep doing something the same way.” Mike Drues

 


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